Flowering Dogwood: Thriving Native Plant for Maryland 

 

LGS Notes: Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that displays beautiful blooms in early spring.  While tolerant of a range of conditions, it prefers moist, well-drained soil in part-shade, making it a perfect choice for the edge of a woodland garden, or as a smaller specimen tree in a residential yard. The early and relatively long bloom time of the dogwood supplies bees with much needed pollen and nectar after a long winter. Bright red fruits appear in late summer to early fall, and are a valuable food source for many birds. It offers showy scarlet fall foliage, and tolerates deer and clay soil.

I recommend dogwood and redbuds as great small ornamental flowering trees for smaller residential properties. They are also great as an understory tree on larger wooded properties. I lived on a beautiful property in Elkridge that have about 15 white flowering dogwood sprinkled throughout the property and it was such a beautiful sight in the spring! Make sure to plant this tree in well drained soil because of its’ tendency to get anthracnose in an overly moist soil situation.

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Latin Name: Cornus florida  
Type: Tree
Family: Cornaceae
Native Range: Eastern North America
Zone: 5 to 9
Height: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: White (bracts)
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy
Leaf: Good Fall
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Fruit: Showy
Tolerate: Deer, Clay Soil, Black Walnut
Information from Missouri Botanical Garden