Maryland Native Plants for Fragarance

Lindera benzoin


Lindera benzoin, Spicebush, is a native deciduous shrub. Every spring, clusters of tiny, aromatic flowers appear along the branches, before the foliage emerges. Spicebush is dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). Flowers of female plants grow bright red drupes, which mature in the fall. The leaves turn bright yellow in autumn. Spicebush can grow best in woodland gardens but is tolerant of wet soil and can be used in rain gardens. It tolerates full sun to part shade.

LGS Notes:

Spicebush is beautiful, bright shrub. It attracts the spicebush swallowtail butterfly as the larva mainly eat its leaves. I love smelling the flowers and leaves, even the bark is fragrant in the winter! -Jessie

Latin Name: Lindera benzoin
Common Name: spicebush
Type: Deciduous shrub
Family: Lauraceae
Native Range: Eastern US
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 6.00 to 12.00 feet
Spread: 6.00 to 12.00 feet
Bloom Time: March
Bloom Description: Greenish yellow
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Hedge, Rain Garden
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Leaf: Fragrant, Good fall
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Fruit: Showy
Tolerate: Deer, drought, heavy shade, clay soil, wet soil, black walnut
(Information from Missouri Botanical Garden)