Native Evergreen Plants
Polystichum acrostichoides– Christmas Fern
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas fern is a semi-evergreen that is deer and shade tolerant. Occurs in both dry and moist wooded slopes, moist banks and ravines. Grows best in organically rich, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Typically grows in a fountain-like clump to 2′ tall and features leathery, lance-shaped, evergreen fronds. Young fiddleheads, called crosiers, in spring are silvery and scaled. Evergreen fronds provide good winter interest for the landscape.
A good plant for massing on slopes (including dryish, rocky ones) to help combat soil erosion. Consider planting rhizome at an angle to help combat potential crown rot problems which can occur in poorly drained soils. Although rhizomatous, this fern will not spread or naturalize, however clumps will increase in size over time.